7 minutes reading time (1336 words)

Glossary of Japenese terms

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

Age Tsuke: Rising Punch
Age Uke Gyaku Ashi: Upper Block (Reverse Foot)
Age Uke: Rising Block
Ago: Chin
Ashi Waza: Foot Techniques
Ashi: Foot
Ashibo Kake Uke: Leg Hooking Block
Ashikubi Kake Uke: Ankle Hooking Block
Atama: Head
Ate Waza: Smashing Technique
Atemi: Striking The Vital Points
Awase Tsuke: U Punch

B

Bassai: Breaking Down the Fortress
Budo: Martial Ways
Bunkai: Application of Techniques in Kata
Bushido: Way of the Warrior

C

Choku Tsuke: Straight Punch
Chudan: Middle or Chest Area
Chudan Choku Tsuke: Straight Punch to Body
Chudan Mae Geri: Front Kick to The Middle Area
Chudan Shuto Uke: Middle Knifehand Block
Chudan Uchi Uke: Block from Inside Out with Top of Wrist
Chudan Ude Uke: Forearm Block against Body Attack

D

Dachi: Stance
Dan Tsuke: Consecutive Punches
De Ashi Harai: Advancing Foot Sweep
Deai Osae Uke: Pressing Block Stepping In
Do: Way
Dojo: Practice Hall, Literally “Place Of Learning The Way”
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E

Empi Uchi: Elbow Strike
Empi: Elbow
En Sho: Round Heel
Eri: Collar Or Lapel
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F

Fudo Dachi: Rooted Stance
Fumikiri: Cutting Kick
Fumikomi Age Uke: Upper Block, Stepping In
Fumikomi Shuto Uke: Knifehand Block, Stepping In
Fumikomi Ude Uke: Forearm Block, Stepping In
Fumikomi: Stomping Kick
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G

Gai Wan: Outer Arm
Gedan Barai Uke: Downward Sweeping Block
Gedan Choku Tsuke: Straight Punch to Groin
Gedan Kake Uke: Downward Hooking Block
Gedan Kekomi: Thrust Kick to Groin
Gedan Tsuke: Punch to Groin
Gedan Uke: Downward Block
Gedan: Lower Body Area
Geri: Kick
Gi: Uniform
Goshi (or Koshi): Hip
Goshin Waza: Self Defense Techniques
Gyaku Ashi: Reverse Foot
Gyaku Juji Gatame: Palms Up Strangle
Gyaku Mawashi Geri: Reverse Round Kick
Gyaku Tsuke: Reverse Punch
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H

Hachiji Dachi: Open Leg Stance
Hadaka Jime: Naked Strangle
Hai Wan: Back Arm
Hai Wan Negashi Uke: Back Arm Sweeping Block
Haishoku: Instep
Haishu: Backhand
Haishu Uchi: Backhand Strike
Haishu Uke: Backhand Block
Haito: Ridgehand
Haito Uchi: Ridgehand Strike
Hajime: Begin
Hangetsu Dachi: Half-Moon Stance
Hangetsu Kata: Half-Moon Formal Exercise
Hanmi: Half Front Facing
Hara: Stomach
Harai: Sweeping
Hariken: Fore-Knuckle Fist
Hasami Tsuke: Scissors Punch
Heian: Peaceful Mind
Heiko Dachi: Parallel Stance
Heiko Tsuke: Parallel Punch
Heisoku Dachi: Closed Feet Stance (Attention)
Hidari Shizen Tai: Left Natural Position
Hidari Teiji Dachi: Left T-Stance
Hidari: Left
Hiji Ate: Elbow Strike
Hiji Suri Uke: Elbow Sliding Block
Hiji Uchi: Elbow Strike
Hiraken Tsuke: Fore Knuckle-Fist Straight Punch
Hiraken: Fore Knuckle Fist
Hiriki No Yosei: Elbow Power
Hiza: Knee
Hiza Geri: Knee Kick
Hizagashira: Kneecap
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I

Ichitaita: One Against Many
Ikkaijo: First Control
Ippon Ken Tsuke: One Knuckle-Fist Straight Punch
Ippon Ken: One Knuckle Fist
Ippon Kumite: One Step Exercise
Ippon Seoi Nage: One Arm Shoulder Throw
Irimi: Entering
Irimi Nage: Entering Throw
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J

Jo Sokutei: Raised Sole
Jodan: Head Level
Jodan Age Uke: Upper Block against Head Attack
Jodan Choku Tsuke: Upper Straight Punch
Jodan KeKomi Geri: Thrust Kick to Head
Jodan Mae Geri: Front Kick to Head
Jodan Uke: High Block
Judo: Gentle Way
Juji Kumite: Free Exercise
Juji Nage: Crossed Arm Throw
Juji Uke: Cross Block
Jujutsu (also Jiu-Jitsu): Gentle Art
Jumbi Undo: Warming Up Exercises
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K

Kage Geri: Hooking Kick
Kage Tsuke: Hook Punch
Kaisho: Open Hand
Kaiten Nage: Open And Turn Throw
Kaiten: Turning
Kakato Geri: Heel Kick
Kakato: Heel
Kake Geri: Hooking Kick
Kake Shuto Uke: Hooking Knifehand Block
Kake Tsuke: Hooking Punch
Kake Uke: Hooking Block
Kakiwaki Uke: Reverse Wedge Block
Kakuto Uke: Bent Wrist Block
Kakuto: Bent-Wrist Block
Kamae: Posture
Kanku: Viewing the Sky
Kansetsu Waza: Joint Manipulation Techniques
Karate: Empty Hand
Kata: Formal Exercise
Kata: Shoulder
Keage: Snap (Kick)
Kebanashi: Kick Off (Snap Kick)
Keito Uke: Chicken Head Wrist Block
Keito: Chicken Head Wrist
Kekomi: Thrust (Kick)
Kendo: Sword Fighting
Kentsui Uchi: Fist Hammer Strike
Kentsui: Fist Hanmer
Keri (or Geri) Waza: Kicking Techniques
Kesa Geri: Diagonal Kick
Ki: Inner Spirit or Strength
Kiai: Yell Or Shout
Kiba Dachi: Horse (Straddle Leg) Stance
Kihon Dosa: Basic Movements
Kihon Kumite: Basic Sparring
Kihon Waza: Fundamental Techniques
Kihon: Basics Or Fundamentals
Kime: Focus
Kin Geri: Groin Kick
Kiostuke: Attention (Command)
Kizami Tsuke: Jab
Ko Soto Gari: Minor Outside Reaping Throw
Ko Uchi Gari: Minor Inside Reaping Throw
Koken Uke: Wrist Block
Kokutsu Dachi: Back Stance
Konoe Gaeshi: Leaf Turning Wristbend
Kosa Dachi: Crossed Leg Stance
Ko-Shi: Ball of The Foot
Kote Gaeshi: Outward Turning Wristbend
Kote Hineri: Inward Turning Wristbend
Kubi Nage: Neck Throw
Kubi: Neck
Kumade: Bear Hand
Kumite: Free Exercise
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M

Ma Ai: Distancing
Mae Ashi Geri: Front Leg Kick
Mae Empi Uchi: Forward Elbow Strike
Mae Geri Keage: Front “Snap” Kick
Mae Geri Kekomi: Front Thrusting Kick
Mae Geri: Front Kick
Mae Hiji Ate: Forward Elbow Smash
Mae Tobi Geri: Jumping Front Kick
Maeude Deai Uke: Forearm Pressing Block
Maeude Hineri Uke: Forearm Twist Block
Makiwara: Striking Board
Masubi Dachi: Informal Attention Stance
Matte: Stop
Mawashi Geri: Round Kick
Mawashi Tsuke: Round Punch
Migi: Right
Mikazuki Geri: Cresent Kick
Momo: Thigh
Morote Sukui Uke: Two-Handed Twist Block
Morote Tsukami Uke: Two-Handed Grasping Block
Morote Tsuke: Double Fist Punch
Morote Uke: Augmented Forearm Block
Mudansha: Ranks Below Black Belt
Mune: Chest
Musubi Dachi: Open Feet Stance, Heel Together
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N

Nagashi Tsuke: Flowing Punch
Nage Waza: Throwing Techniques
Nai Wan: Inner Arm
Naihanchi: Iron Horse
Nakadaka Ippon Ken: Middle Finger One KnuckLe Fist
Nami Juji Gatame: Half Cross Strangle
Negashi Uke: Sweeping Block
Nekoashi Dachi: Cat Stance
Nidan Geri: Double Kick
Nihon Nukite: Two Finger Spearhand
Nikaijo: Second Control
Nukite: Spearhand
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O

Obi: Belt
O Soto Gari: Major Outside Reaping Throw
O Uchi Gari: Major Inside Reaping Throw
Oi Tsuke: Stepping or Lunge Punch
Okuri Ashi Harai: Sliding (or Gathering) Foot Sweep
Okuri Eri Jime: Sliding Collar Throw
Osae Uke: Pressing Block
Otoshi Empi Uchi: Downward Elbow Block
Otoshi Hiji Ate: Downward Elbow Strike
Otoshi Uke: Dropping Block
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R

Rei: Bow
Reinoji Dachi: “L” Stance
Ren Tsuke: Alternate Punching
Renzoku Geri: Combination Kick
Ritsu Rei: Standing Bow
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S

Sanchin Dachi: Pigeon-Toed (or Hour-Glass) Stance
Sankaijo: Third Control
Sanren Tsuke: Three Consecutive Punches
Seiken Choku Tsuke: Forefist Straight Punch
Seiken Tsuke: Forefist Strike
Seiken: Forefist
Seiryuto Uke: Ox-Jaw Block
Seiryuto: Ox-Jaw Hand
Sensei: Teacher Or Instructor
Shihan: Head Instructor
Shiho Nage: Four-Corner Directional Throw
Shiho Wari: Breaking Boards on Four Sides to Test Power
Shikko Ho: Knee Walking
Shiko Dachi: Square Stance
Shime Waza: Strangulation Techniques
Shintai: Body Movement
Shitage: Uniform Pants
Shittsui: Knee-Hammer
Shizen Dachi: Natural Stance
Shizen Tai: Natural Position
Shomen Tsuke: Front Punch
Shomen Uchi: Front Strike
Shotei Uchi: Palmheel Strike
Shotei Uke: Palmheel Block
Shu Wan: Palm Arm
Shubo: Arm Stick
Shumatsu Undo: Cool Down Exercises
Shuto Uchi: Knifehand
Shuto Uke: Knifehand Block
SochIn Dachi: Diagonal Straddle-Leg Stance
Sode: Sleeve
Sokumen Awase Uke: Side Two-Hand Block
Sokutei Mawashi Uke: Circular Sole Block
Sokutei Osae Uke: Pressing Block with Sole
Sokuto Keage Geri: “Snap” Kick with Edge of Foot
Sokuto Keage: Snap Kick with Foot Edge
Sokuto Osae Uke: Pressing Block with Foot Edge
Sokuto: Foot Edge
Soto Uke: Block from Outside Inward with Bottom of Wrist
Suki: Opening
Sukui Uke: Scooping Block
Sutemi Waza: Sacrifice Technique
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T

Tai No Henko: Body Change
Tai Subaki No Kihon: Basics of Body Movement
Tai Subaki: Body Movement; Pivoting
Taikyoku: First Cause
Tameshigeri: Test Cutting with the Sword
Tameshiwari: Power Demonstration, Breaking
Tanden: Area Below the Navel and the Center of Ki
Tatami: Mat
Tate Empi Uchi: Vertical Elbow Strike
Tate Hiji Ate: Upward Elbow Strike
Tate Shuto Uke: Vertical Knifehand Strike
Tate Tsuke: Vertical Fist Punch
Te Nagashi Uke: Hand Sweeping Block
Te Osae Uke: Hand Pressing Block
Teiji Dachi: Stance
Teisho Awase Uke: Combined Palm Heel Block
Teisho Tsuke: Palm Heel Punch
Teisho Uchi: Palm Heel Strike
Teisho Uke: Palm Heel Block
Teisho: Palm Heel
Tekatana: Hand Sword
Tekki: Iron Horse
Tekubi Kake Uke: Wrist Hook Block
Tem Ben Nage: Elbow Lock Throw
Tenkan: Turning
Tobi Geri: Jumping Kick
Tobi Yoko Geri: Jumping Side Kick
Tori: Defender
Tsukami Uke: Grasping Block
Tsuke Waza: Punching Techniques
Tsuke: Punch
Tsumasaki: Tips Of Toes
Tsuro Ashi Dachi: Crane Stance
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U

Uchi Hachiji Dachi: Inverted Open Leg Stance
Uchi Mawashi Geri: Inside Cresent Kick
Uchi Uke: Inside Block
Uchi Waza: Striking Techniques
Uchi: Striking (Also Inner)
Ude Garami: Coiling Armbar/Figure Four Shoulder Lock
Ude Uke: Forearm Block
Ude: Arm
Ukae: Attacker
Uke: Block
Ukemi: Breakfalls
Ura Tsuke: Close Punch
Uraken Uchi: Back Fist Strike
Uraken: Backfist
Ushiro Ashi Geri: Rear Leg Kick
Ushiro Empi Geri: Back Elbow Strike
Ushiro Geri: Back Kick
Ushiro Hiji Ate: Back Elbow Strike
Ushiro: Back, Rear
Uwagi: Uniform Jacket
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W

Wake Gatami: Elbow Lock
Wan: Arm
Wanto: Arm Sword
Washide: Eagle Hand
Waza: Technique
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Y

Yama Tsuke: Wide “U” Punch
Yoko Empi Uchi: Side Elbow Strike
Yoko Geri Keage: Side “Snap” Kick
Yoko Geri Kekomi: Side Thrust Kick
Yoko Geri: Side Kick
Yoko Hiji Ate: Side Elbow Strike
Yoko Kekomi: Side Thrust
Yoko Mawashi Empi Uchi: Side Round Elbow Strike
Yoko Mawashi Hiji Ate: Side Round Elbow Strike
Yokomen Uchi: Side Strike to Head
Yoko Tobi Geri: Jumping Side Kick
Yoko: Side
Yokomen Uchi: Side Strike to Head
Yonhon Uchi: Four Finger Spearhand
Yonkaijo: Fourth Control
Yubi: Finger
YudaNsha: Black Belt Level
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Z

Za-Rei: Kneeing Salutation (Bow)
Zenkutsu: Dachi Forward Stance
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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 

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